Sometimes, some hard deposits start to build up inside of our kidneys made up of minerals and salts which are called as kidney stones. They are very hazardous as they block our urinary tract, from the kidneys to the bladder and can affect any of the parts as well. Stones are formed when you find that the urine is concentrated enough and it allows the minerals inside the urine to crystallize into a deposit shape, therefore, forming a kidney stone.
Recognizing the presence of a kidney stone inside your body is very important. If they are found within time, they can provide no harm and therefore can be removed before they start to be a serious harm inside your body. Pain medications are taken, and by drinking an adequate amount of water, they are removed while passing out urine.
Symptoms of kidney stones
For a kidney stone to suppress its symptoms, it has to be present somewhere around the kidney or the ureter. The ureter is a tube which connects the kidney to the bladder. Following symptoms can be observed if the kidney stone is present in one of the mentioned places.
- Rigorous pain in the side, back and below the ribs
- Pain radiating towards lower abdomen
- Intense and in waves pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Abnormal amounts of urine – either too much or just small amounts
Causes of kidney stones
No definite causes for kidney stones have been documented although, some factors can increase your risk of having them. When more of the crystal forming elements are present in your urine, such as oxalate, uric acid or calcium, they end up forming kidney stones. As similar to this, there may be times when there will be a lack of elements that prevent the crystals from sticking to each other providing an ideal environment for the body to form kidney stones.
Types of kidney stones
Kidney stones are of various types. By going through their types, you can better determine the type of kidney stone that might be present in your body.
- Calcium stones – Oxalate is a substance that is formed as the normal functioning of our liver daily and is also found in the food. Nuts and chocolates and some of the fruits contain oxalate in a hefty amount. If your body has this type of kidney stones, you must be having some severe migraine attacks because they are mostly associated with some of the metabolic conditions.
- Uric acid stones – For all the people who don’t drink enough water or fluids or who lose out too much of fluids, uric acid stones can be found in them. These can also be formed as a result of many of genetic factors.
- Cystine stones – This is certainly a heredity disorder which pushes the kidneys to excrete out much of ammonia, resulting in the formation of cystine stones.
Some factors that develop the risk of kidney stones inside one’s body include the following;
- Genetic factors
- Problems indigestion
- Other medical conditions
- Certain diets
- Chronic diseases just like blood pressure and diabetes
As a final word, kidney stones once formed can be removed through various ways. In most cases, they are removed using the normal urinary tract by supplying adequate medications and ample intake of fluids. And if they pass through their own, a procedure called lithotripsy is done in which larger stones are broken down into smaller segments using shock waves, and they naturally pass out using the urinary system.